Atmospheric Layers


Atmospheric Layers

Mainstream descriptions of the Earth’s atmosphere tend to focus upon five nebulous atmospheric layers and a table of atmospheric gases which suggests Nitrogen [at 78.084%] is the dominant gas.

Wikipedia Atmosphere

These mainstream overviews conveniently omit details Settled Science wants to ignore.

Therefore, the objective of this post is to provide some balance by documenting some of the hidden gems I have stumbled across in the last few years.

A good starting point is to note that the dominant atmospheric gas is:
1) Molecular Nitrogen [N2] at sea-level.
2) Atomic Oxygen [O1] at an altitude of about 200 kilometres.
3) Helium [He] at an altitude of about 650 kilometres.
4) Atomic Hydrogen [H1] at an altitude well above 1,000 kilometres.

US Standard Atmosphere 1976

US Standard Atmosphere 1976


International quiet solar year daytime ionospheric and atmospheric composition based on mass spectrometer measurements [Johnson, 1969; Luhmann, 1995].
The University of Sydney – School of Physics

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One thought on “Atmospheric Layers

  1. CraigM350

    Information about layering of elements in the atmosphere, with light elements enriched at the top, was obscured because it shows why lightweight elements and lightweight isotopes of each element are enriched at the top of the solar photosphere: Mass-fractionation; 91% H (element #1) and 9% He (element #2).

    Stalin effectively won WWII and united nations [UN] and national academies of science [NAS] into an Orwellian Ministry of Consensus Science Truth on 24 Oct 1945:

    Click to access Introduction.pdf

    The US NAS betrayed public trust after 1945 but still directs mainstream science by reviewing annual research budgets of research agencies – NASA, DOE, EPA, NSF, etc. – for Congress.

    Today, Professor Curry’s blog, Climate Etc also acknowledged serious problems in consensus science:


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