The Arctic stratosphere, so cold today

reality

Reference frame

The diagram above serves as a reference frame. The middle stratosphere at 30 hPa has been off the scale cold since the end of November as the Arctic began to experience Polar night.

From http://earth.nullschool.net/#current/wind/surface/level/overlay=temp/orthographic=-229.99,86.00,439/loc=30.031,38.214

Surface

The great bulk of the northern landmasses are experiencing sub zero temperatures. The winds streaming out of the Arctic are warm by comparison with the air near Lake Baikal and the interior of Iceland. Reputedly China is experiencing its coldest winter for thirty years. The diagram below shows the circulation of the air and its temperature at 10hPa or 30 km in elevation.

10

The cold is due to the descent of mesospheric air in the circulation at left centred over Russia and spiralling in to the surface in the proximity of Lake Baikal. The warm ascending circulation on the right that is centred on the north Pacific is due to the persistent presence of high concentrations…

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What’s Hot, What’s Not

Watts Up With That?

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach

I got to thinking about the idea of a temperature field. By that I mean nothing more than an estimation of theoretical temperatures given some variables like say latitude and elevation. We all know that as we go poleward it gets colder, and the same is true when we go upwards into the mountains. So we can make a formula that can estimate the temperature at any spot on the Earth if we know its latitude and elevation. It’s an excellent estimation, with an R^2 of 0.94.

In the CERES satellite data, the relationship works out like this. Start at minus thirty-one degrees. Add sixty times the cosine of the latitude. Then subtract six degrees for every thousand metres of elevation. That gives you the estimated temperature for any given location. I note that the decrease in temperature at higher altitudes, about six degrees C…

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Nearly Two Teams of Hockey Sticks used in Massive Wilson Super Reconstruction

the Air Vent

So a Willis Eschenbach article at WUWT caught my attention this afternoon and cost me several hours. It is basically an average of 54 different tree ring reconstructions around the world. The sheer volume of data which went into each hockey stick and then was processed into the final hockeystick is huge.  Willis demonstrated the indescribable method used to combine the data turned out to be equivalent to a simple average. The result: Hockeystick!

53-proxies-wilson-2016[1] Graph per Willis Eschenbach — WUWT article linked above Last millennium northern hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings:
Rob Wilson a, b, *, Kevin Anchukaitis b, c, Keith R. Briffa d, Ulf Büntgen e, g, h, Edward Cook b,
Rosanne D’Arrigo b, Nicole Davi b, i, Jan Esper j, Dave Frank e, Bj€orn Gunnarson k,
Gabi Hegerl l, Samuli Helama m, Stefan Klesse e, Paul J. Krusic f, k, Hans W. Linderholm n,
Vladimir Myglan o…

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Noah and The Flood

MalagaBay

Noah and The Flood

The narrative of Noah, his Ark and The Flood is an ancient story.

In the Abrahamic religions, Noah, was the tenth and last of the pre-flood Patriarchs.

The story of Noah’s Ark is told in the Torah in the Genesis flood narrative.

The biblical account is followed by the story of the Curse of Canaan.

Besides the Book of Genesis, Noah is also mentioned in 1st Chronicles, Tobit, Wisdom, Sirach, Isaiah, Ezekiel, the Gospel of Matthew, the Gospel of Luke, the Epistle to the Hebrews, 1st Peter and 2nd Peter.

He was the subject of much elaboration in the literature of later Abrahamic religions, including the Quran (Sura 71).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noah

Although the date of The Flood is unknown the mainstream believe one of the narrative sources can be traced back to the 10th century BC.

According to the documentary hypothesis, the first five books of the Bible

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